For a period that has come to be so strongly associated with the Islamic influence and rule in India, Medieval Indian history went for almost three whole centuries under the so-called indigenous rulers, that included the Chalukyas, the Pallavas, the Pandyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Muslims rulers and finally the Mughal Empire. The most important dynasty to emerge in the middle of the 9th century was that of the Cholas. Medieval India refers to a long period of the Indian subcontinent’s history between “ancient India” and “modern India“. During this long time period, different dynasties rose in power and took a commanding role in the history of medieval India. The land of India was separated as various small kingdoms from north to south and east to west and those kingdoms were ruled by different independent kings. Let’s learn more in the following sections.